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What Is the Nasdaq 100 Index?

What Is the Nasdaq 100 Index?

What Is the Nasdaq 100 Index?

The financial world is replete with indices, benchmarks, and metrics that professionals and investors alike utilize to gauge market performance and make informed decisions. One such influential index is the Nasdaq 100. But what exactly is the Nasdaq 100 Index, and why does it matter?

A Brief Overview:

The Nasdaq 100 Index is a distinct basket comprising the 100 largest and most actively traded companies listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange. Exclusively housing non-financial sectors, the index is devoid of commercial and investment banks. Instead, it paints a broad picture of diverse industries ranging from technology, healthcare, to consumer discretionary and more.

Diverse Representation:

It's critical to understand the sectors this index encapsulates. The list is extensive: basic materials, consumer discretionary, consumer staples, healthcare, industrials, technology, telecommunications, and utilities. Such a varied representation makes the Nasdaq 100 a vibrant reflection of the market's non-financial segments.

Industry Titans:

The Nasdaq 100 is not just about quantity but quality as well. The companies listed are some of the most influential in today's global market. Think Microsoft, Apple, Amazon, Tesla, and Meta—household names that shape the daily lives of millions around the world.

Criteria for Inclusion:

To earn a spot in the Nasdaq 100, securities must be exclusively listed on a Nasdaq exchange. This encompasses a range of securities from common stocks and ordinary shares to American depositary receipts (ADRs) and tracking stocks. Another prerequisite? They must be non-financial entities and have at least a three-month trading history on an exchange. Such strict criteria ensure that the index remains a robust representation of significant, established companies.

A Rich History:

The NASDAQ-100 has its roots dating back to January 31, 1985. Established by NASDAQ, it's calculated as a modified capitalization-weighted index. Over the years, it has come to symbolize growth and innovation on a global scale.

Gaining Exposure to the Nasdaq 100:

Though one can't directly invest in the index, there are myriad ways to gain exposure. Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and mutual funds are perhaps the most accessible routes. However, for those looking for alternative investment avenues, futures, options, and annuities tracking the Nasdaq 100 are available. By the end of 2021, the value of exchange-traded products tracking the Nasdaq-100 Index (NDX®) exceeded a whopping $300 billion.

A Haven of Innovation:

In essence, the Nasdaq-100 is more than just an index—it's a reflection of the world's pulse on innovation. Its current sector breakdown covers industries spanning from technology to healthcare and consumer goods to industrials. These are not just companies; they're change-makers that continue to fuel index performance and offer investors a golden ticket into the realm of innovation.

The Nasdaq 100 Index stands tall as a symbol of global progress and innovation. Whether you're an investor looking to gain exposure to some of the world's largest companies or simply someone keen on understanding the financial landscape, the Nasdaq 100 offers a comprehensive view of the non-financial market sectors. With its rich history and stringent inclusion criteria, it remains a reliable and influential benchmark in the world of finance.

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