EDU Articles

Learn about investing, trading, retirement, banking, personal finance and more.

Ad is loading...
Help CenterFind Your WayBuy/Sell Daily ProductsIntraday ProductsFAQ
Expert's OpinionsWeekly ReportsBest StocksInvestingTradingCryptoArtificial Intelligence
IntroductionMarket AbbreviationsStock Market StatisticsThinking about Your Financial FutureSearch for AdvisorsFinancial CalculatorsFinancial MediaFederal Agencies and Programs
Investment PortfoliosModern Portfolio TheoriesInvestment StrategyPractical Portfolio Management InfoDiversificationRatingsActivities AbroadTrading Markets
Investment Terminology and InstrumentsBasicsInvestment TerminologyTrading 1 on 1BondsMutual FundsExchange Traded Funds (ETF)StocksAnnuities
Technical Analysis and TradingAnalysis BasicsTechnical IndicatorsTrading ModelsPatternsTrading OptionsTrading ForexTrading CommoditiesSpeculative Investments
Cryptocurrencies and BlockchainBlockchainBitcoinEthereumLitecoinRippleTaxes and Regulation
RetirementSocial Security BenefitsLong-Term Care InsuranceGeneral Retirement InfoHealth InsuranceMedicare and MedicaidLife InsuranceWills and Trusts
Retirement Accounts401(k) and 403(b) PlansIndividual Retirement Accounts (IRA)SEP and SIMPLE IRAsKeogh PlansMoney Purchase/Profit Sharing PlansSelf-Employed 401(k)s and 457sPension Plan RulesCash-Balance PlansThrift Savings Plans and 529 Plans and ESA
Personal FinancePersonal BankingPersonal DebtHome RelatedTax FormsSmall BusinessIncomeInvestmentsIRS Rules and PublicationsPersonal LifeMortgage
Corporate BasicsBasicsCorporate StructureCorporate FundamentalsCorporate DebtRisksEconomicsCorporate AccountingDividendsEarnings

What is asset allocation?

Asset allocation is a cornerstone of successful investing, providing an effective way to manage investment returns through diversification and rebalancing. The core principle of asset allocation revolves around distributing investments across different asset classes such as stocks, bonds, real estate, commodities, precious metals, etc. The guiding philosophy behind asset allocation lies in the understanding that the performance of asset classes varies over time and, by diversifying investments, an investor can hedge against the uncertainties of the market.

This diversification works to an investor's advantage for two key reasons: one, the uncertainty about which asset class will outperform at any given time, and two, the non-uniform or even negative correlation between various asset classes. The inverse relationship between certain asset classes ensures that even if one asset class underperforms, another might appreciate to compensate, creating an overall balanced portfolio performance.

Asset allocation isn't a one-size-fits-all formula, but rather a strategy tailored to an investor's financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. For investors looking for growth and willing to tolerate higher risk, a larger portion of the allocation would be directed towards growth instruments like equities. Regular rebalancing of the portfolio ensures the maintenance of the desired risk-return balance by periodically reallocating gains from outperforming assets to underperforming ones.

The Role of Asset Allocation Funds in Investment Strategy

Asset allocation funds offer a practical approach to implementing the asset allocation strategy. These funds provide investors with a diversified portfolio that spans various asset classes. They can be fixed or variable, implying that the proportion of investments in different asset classes can either be fixed or varied depending on market conditions.

Asset allocation funds play a significant role in modern portfolio theory, seeking to create an optimal portfolio that aligns with an investor's risk tolerance. They achieve this through diversification across standard asset categories such as stocks, bonds, and cash equivalents. These categories can also be spread across different geographical regions for additional diversification.

Types of Asset Allocation Funds

There are several variations of asset allocation funds, each offering a unique mix of asset classes and governed by different internal rules. The most common types include balanced funds, which maintain a fixed ratio of stocks to bonds, and target-date funds, which automatically adjust the asset mix based on a specific future date, typically retirement.

Investors can access these asset allocation funds through mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs), offering a simple and effective way to implement a diversified investment strategy.

Asset allocation is a crucial strategy for managing investment risk and achieving financial goals. It offers a systematic approach to diversification, providing a hedge against market volatility. Asset allocation funds, in turn, provide an accessible means to implement this strategy. By understanding the concepts and mechanisms behind asset allocation and asset allocation funds, investors can make more informed decisions and enhance their investment outcomes.

Fine-Tuning Asset Allocation: The Role of Rebalancing and Growth Instruments

Balancing Risk and Reward through Rebalancing

Rebalancing, an integral part of asset allocation, plays a pivotal role in risk management. It is the process of adjusting the weights of the portfolio's assets to maintain the desired balance of risk and return. It's a systematic method to 'buy low and sell high', as you are selling off assets that have done well (and thus now make up a larger portion of your portfolio) and buying more of assets that have done poorly (and thus now make up a smaller portion of your portfolio).

During a market surge, the allocation towards growth instruments may increase beyond the initially set limits, exposing the investor to higher risk. Rebalancing brings the allocation back to the target levels, thus controlling the portfolio's risk profile. This process not only preserves gains but also ensures that the portfolio does not get excessively risky or conservative based on market trends.

Influence of Growth Instruments on Asset Allocation

The selection of growth instruments largely influences the potential returns and the associated risks of the portfolio. Growth instruments like stocks or real estate typically have higher return potential but also come with increased volatility. Therefore, if an investor is targeting higher growth and can stomach higher risk, the allocation towards these instruments should be higher. Conversely, for those seeking stable returns and have a lower risk appetite, the allocation would be skewed towards safer assets like bonds.

Asset Allocation Funds: The Avenue for Diversification

Asset allocation funds are an excellent avenue for investors seeking diversification across various asset classes. They provide an easy route to access a broad spectrum of assets, including stocks, bonds, cash equivalents, and sometimes even international investments. This broad diversification can help mitigate the risk associated with any single asset class.

Furthermore, these funds come with the convenience of professional management. The fund managers are responsible for adjusting the asset mix, allowing the fund to adapt to changing market conditions. Thus, investors can achieve a balanced and well-managed portfolio without having to handle the intricate process of asset allocation themselves.

Asset allocation remains at the heart of a successful investment strategy. It requires a careful understanding of various asset classes, risk appetite, and financial goals. Whether through individual portfolio creation or through asset allocation funds, effective asset allocation can enhance the chances of achieving investment objectives while managing the level of risk.


Asset allocation is theoretically the best way to control the return you experience, through diversification and rebalancing.

Asset allocation theories provide you with mechanisms to diversify your money among various asset classes, such as stocks, bonds, real estate, commodities, precious metals, etc.

The benefit of asset allocation is twofold: first, nobody knows which asset class will perform better at any given time, and second, various asset classes are not entirely correlated or have a negative correlation, which provides a hedge. If one asset class appreciates significantly, the other might not, but, if the allocation is done correctly, this may be exactly what the investor was looking for.

If a lot of growth and upside potential is desired, a larger proportion of the allocation should go toward growth instruments, and vice versa. Rebalancing will keep the investor from becoming top-heavy or exposing too much of their assets to risk: periodically the gains will be distributed among the more conservative asset classes and thereby will be preserved.

Large financial institutions and pension funds constantly update and maintain their asset allocations, and Tickeron can help you do the same.

How Often Do I Need to Rebalance My Portfolio?
Is Successful Asset Allocation an Art or a Science?

Ad is loading...