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Corporate Basics

What is a Sole Proprietorship?

Sole proprietorships are businesses owned by a single person. The owner assumes all legal and financial responsibility

What is a Partnership?

A partnership is a business owned by two or more people, usually designated as an LLC
What is a Corporation?

What is a Corporation?

A corporation is a business entity which has filed articles of incorporation

What is an S-Corporation?

S-Corporations, also called S-corps, are a cross between a traditional corporation and an LLCa

What is a C-Corporation?

C-corps are generally the larger, more established companies in the country – most publicly-traded companies are C-corps

What is a Limited Liability Company (LLC)?

A limited liability company (LLC) establishes a separate entity from the sole proprietor or partners in a business

What is the Structure of a Corporation?

Each state has different stipulations concerning what defines a corporation, but there are some commonalities across...

What are Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A)?

Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) is the market space in which companies negotiate integrations and takeovers

What is a Balance Sheet?

A company's balance sheet gives a picture of how all the assets, liabilities, and equities of the company "balance out"

What is a 10-k?

A 10-k is an annual filing required by the SEC for companies over $10 Mil, which provides the regulators with more detail

What are Accounts Payable?

A 10-k is an annual filing required by the SEC for companies over $10 Mil, which provides the regulators with more detail

What are Accounts Receivable?

Accounts Receivable is part of the Assets on a Balance Sheet, and it details the money due to the company

What is Accrued Interest?

Accrued Interest applies to a bond or loan, accounting for the interest that is calculated per diem for the time

What is Amortization?

Amortization is like giving a life span to a financial obligation, over a set number of years, and gradually killing-off

What is Annual Percentage Yield (APY)?

APY is an annualization of an interest rate which may be assessed on a different schedule, such as on a monthly basis

What is a Bank Guarantee?

When a lending institution offers a Bank Guarantee, they are reducing the risk by guaranteeing payment to the seller

What is Bankruptcy?

When a person or co. is no longer able to pay the amount of debt owed, they can file bankruptcy & be given relief options

What is a Basis Point?

When percentages being used to describe a security are very small, basis points are often used to describe the numbers

What is Book Value?

Book value can apply to an individual asset and tends to be straightforward. It is an asset's value on a balance sheet

What is a Cash Conversion Cycle?

A business with a fast ‘cash conversion cycle’ can efficiently use funds to fulfill the different needs of the business

What is the Cost of Goods Sold?

The Cost of Goods Sold, or COGS, represents the overhead associated with the materials and labor, which were needed …

What is Cash Flow?

Cash flow is the liquid flow of cash and cash equivalents into and out of a business

What is a Cash Flow Statement?

A statement of cash flows is an accounting report which describes the changes in cash flows, which is distinct from N.I.

What is Depreciation?

Depreciation is the accounting practice of recording the decreasing value of a fixed asset, such as a building

What is Diluted Earnings Per Share?

The diluted earnings per share are earnings a co. would have if they changed all of their convertibles into common stock

What is Dilution?

Dilution is the disassociation of value from current common stock shares due to the issuance of additional shares

What is Discounted Cash Flow?

Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) uses an estimated future cash flow amount and a Discount Rate to determine the Present Value

What is Due Diligence?

Due diligence is the responsibility to research all pertinent information about the parties involved prior to doing business

What are Corporate Earnings?

Corporate earnings are an important metric for companies & the whole economy because it shows the amount of money earned
What is Enterprise Value?

What is Enterprise Value?

Enterprise Value is the total cost to acquire a company. Enterprise value and its ratios can be used to compare companies