What is a Callable Bond?

A callable bond, also known as a “redeemable bond,” is one where the issuer has the ability to pay off the debt prior to its maturity date, with certain conditions. Which the issuer has the right to redeem prior to its maturity date, under certain conditions.

The primary reason that an issuer would choose to “call” a bond is that interest rates have declined since the bond was issued. By calling the bond, the issuer generally has to opportunity to refinance that debt at a lower rate. Once called, the issuer will notify the creditor and pay off the debt, typically with a slight premium added to close the deal.

There is typically a period of time designated where an issuer cannot call a bond, but outside of that time frame the creditor would have no say in the matter if the issuer decides to call the bond.

What Types of Bonds Are There?
What is a Convertible Bond?
What is a Corporate Bond?