EDU Articles

Learn about investing, trading, retirement, banking, personal finance and more.

Ad is loading...
Help CenterFind Your WayBuy/Sell Daily ProductsIntraday ProductsFAQ
Expert's OpinionsWeekly ReportsBest StocksInvestingTradingCryptoArtificial Intelligence
IntroductionMarket AbbreviationsStock Market StatisticsThinking about Your Financial FutureSearch for AdvisorsFinancial CalculatorsFinancial MediaFederal Agencies and Programs
Investment PortfoliosModern Portfolio TheoriesInvestment StrategyPractical Portfolio Management InfoDiversificationRatingsActivities AbroadTrading Markets
Investment Terminology and InstrumentsBasicsInvestment TerminologyTrading 1 on 1BondsMutual FundsExchange Traded Funds (ETF)StocksAnnuities
Technical Analysis and TradingAnalysis BasicsTechnical IndicatorsTrading ModelsPatternsTrading OptionsTrading ForexTrading CommoditiesSpeculative Investments
Cryptocurrencies and BlockchainBlockchainBitcoinEthereumLitecoinRippleTaxes and Regulation
RetirementSocial Security BenefitsLong-Term Care InsuranceGeneral Retirement InfoHealth InsuranceMedicare and MedicaidLife InsuranceWills and Trusts
Retirement Accounts401(k) and 403(b) PlansIndividual Retirement Accounts (IRA)SEP and SIMPLE IRAsKeogh PlansMoney Purchase/Profit Sharing PlansSelf-Employed 401(k)s and 457sPension Plan RulesCash-Balance PlansThrift Savings Plans and 529 Plans and ESA
Personal FinancePersonal BankingPersonal DebtHome RelatedTax FormsSmall BusinessIncomeInvestmentsIRS Rules and PublicationsPersonal LifeMortgage
Corporate BasicsBasicsCorporate StructureCorporate FundamentalsCorporate DebtRisksEconomicsCorporate AccountingDividendsEarnings

What is market momentum?

Understanding market momentum is crucial for investors looking to make informed trading decisions. Market momentum refers to the rate of acceleration of price changes in a security or the broader market. It serves as a measure of overall market sentiment and can assist investors in identifying potential trends and timing their buying and selling strategies. This article delves into the concept of market momentum, its significance in investment decisions, and relevant indicators used to gauge momentum.

Defining Market Momentum

Market momentum is a reflection of the aggregate rate of acceleration for the broader market as a whole. Positive momentum suggests a potential bullish trend, while negative momentum indicates a bearish trend. Investors can measure momentum across various asset classes and individual securities, with market momentum specifically referring to the overall market sentiment.

Momentum Trading Strategy

Momentum trading is a strategy employed by investors to capitalize on the speed at which prices change. Instead of adhering to the traditional "buy low, sell high" approach, momentum traders follow a "buy high, sell higher" strategy. When a trader identifies acceleration in a stock's price, earnings, or revenues, they take a long or short position, anticipating that the momentum will continue in the same direction. This strategy relies on short-term price movements rather than fundamental value.

The Role of Market Momentum Indicators

To assess market momentum effectively, investors and technical traders utilize various indicators. These indicators provide insights into the strength of trends, potential reversals, and retracements. Here are a few popular market momentum indicators:

  1. Relative Strength Index (RSI): The RSI measures the magnitude and speed of recent price changes to determine whether a security is overbought or oversold. RSI values above 70 indicate overbought conditions, while values below 30 indicate oversold conditions.

  2. Stochastics: Stochastic indicators compare a security's closing price to its price range over a specific period, typically 14 days. They help identify potential turning points by signaling overbought or oversold conditions.

  3. Market Momentum Indexes: Companies like MSCI and FTSE Russell offer momentum indexes that provide momentum indicators for various market sectors. These indexes utilize a momentum score based on specific methodologies.

  4. Fibonacci Retracements: Fibonacci retracements are used to identify potential pullbacks in price that do not overcome the momentum of the larger trend. Traders rely on Fibonacci analysis software to pinpoint these retracement levels.

  5. Elliott Wave Theory: This theory analyzes price patterns and market cycles to forecast future price movements. It provides insights into the wave-like nature of market momentum and helps identify potential turning points.

Market Momentum in Practice

Technicians typically measure market momentum using a 10-day time frame. For example, by analyzing momentum in the price movements of the S&P 500 Index, which serves as a reliable indicator of the overall stock market trend, investors can gain valuable insights. Positive momentum, indicated by spikes above zero on the momentum indicator, suggests a likely rally in the index, while large downward moves below zero indicate a potential decline.

In individual securities, market momentum can be influenced by factors such as increasing revenue, earnings, sales, or a reduction in debt obligations with an increase in projected cash flow. It is essential for investors to consider both market-level momentum and stock-specific momentum when making investment decisions.


Market momentum is the tendency of a trend to continue in one direction or another. Various analysis methods and indicators seek to identify the strength of trends and to find points of possible reversals and retracements.

A market has strong momentum when trading volume is up and confirms the direction of price movement in the market. Bullish or bearish market sentiment will influence the degree of momentum that is present.

Indicators such as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) and Stochastics, as well as several other popular indicators and tools, are focused on quantifying the momentum present in the market.

Fibonacci Retracements, for example, are pullbacks that do not overcome the momentum of the larger trend, and some traders use Fibonacci analysis software, which is somewhat based on the mathematics of fractals and the physics of waves, to identify where these retracements might occur. Elliott Wave Theory is a similar field of study and analysis.

Some traders base their invest strategy on riding the waves of momentum, and this is called momentum investing. They hop onto a bandwagon when momentum is high, and jump off when momentum runs out.

Is There Any Merit to the Momentum Theories?
What is a Momentum Trading System?

Ad is loading...