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Who Can Put Money into an IRA?

When it comes to investing in a Roth IRA, there are certain income limits that determine who can contribute to this type of individual retirement account. The Roth IRA offers tax advantages, including tax-free withdrawals, making it an attractive option for many investors. However, it is important to be aware of the income thresholds that can impact your eligibility to invest in a Roth IRA.

The IRS sets annual limits for the Roth IRA, and if your earnings exceed these limits, you will not be able to make contributions to your Roth IRA for that year. The income limits are adjusted regularly to account for inflation, so it is essential to stay updated on the current thresholds.

For the 2016 tax year, the income limit for a single filer was $132,000, while for a married couple filing jointly, the limit was $194,000. If your income exceeds these thresholds, you will be unable to contribute to a Roth IRA. However, it's worth noting that there are strategies and alternatives available to navigate these limits.

One possible option is to contribute to another Roth IRA on behalf of your spouse if they meet the income requirements. By doing so, you can continue to take advantage of the tax benefits associated with a Roth IRA indirectly.

Another alternative is to contribute to a nondeductible IRA, which does not have any income limits. With a nondeductible IRA, you can still contribute funds to a retirement account, albeit without the upfront tax benefits. While your contributions won't be tax-deductible, the account will grow tax-deferred until withdrawal.

It's important to note that a significant portion of the withdrawal from a nondeductible IRA will be taxed as ordinary income. This factor, combined with the after-tax contributions, makes the nondeductible IRA less commonly used. Consulting with a knowledgeable accountant or financial advisor is advisable to understand the implications of this option.

For those who are eligible to contribute to a Roth IRA, it is crucial to stay informed about the income limits to avoid penalties. If you contribute to a Roth IRA when your income exceeds the limit, you may be subject to a penalty. Therefore, it is always recommended to check the current income limits set by the IRS before making contributions.

While a Roth IRA offers appealing tax advantages, not everyone can contribute to this type of retirement account. Income limits are in place to determine eligibility, and exceeding these limits can result in being unable to make contributions for the year. However, there are alternative options available, such as contributing to a Roth IRA on behalf of a spouse or utilizing a nondeductible IRA. To ensure compliance and make informed decisions, it is essential to consult with professionals and stay updated on the current income limits established by the IRS.

There are some income limits and contribution limits on who can contribute to an IRA.

Generally speaking, as long as you or your spouse is earning taxable income, you can contribute money to an IRA, be it a Roth or a Traditional IRA.

There are limits at which you cannot contribute to a Roth IRA (in 2016, the limit is $132,000 for a single filer and $194,000 for a married couple). There are also income limits at which you are no longer able to deduct contributions to a Traditional IRA, but these are only applicable if you or your spouse has a qualified retirement plan at work.

There are no income limits which can lock you out of a traditional IRA otherwise. It is actually possible to leave contributions in a traditional IRA when you aren’t able to deduct the contributions, and this is known as a non-deductible IRA.

This account will grow tax-deferred, but the fact that it holds after-tax contributions and most of it will be taxed as ordinary income upon withdrawal, it is not utilized very often. The income limits are all adjusted for inflation, so you should check with the IRS website and your accountant to make sure you have the correct information for your situation.

With these limits, there is also usually phase-out up to limit, which will limit your contributions or ability to deduct them.

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