EDU Articles

Learn about investing, trading, retirement, banking, personal finance and more.

Ad is loading...
Help CenterFind Your WayBuy/Sell Daily ProductsIntraday ProductsFAQ
Expert's OpinionsWeekly ReportsBest StocksInvestingTradingCryptoArtificial Intelligence
IntroductionMarket AbbreviationsStock Market StatisticsThinking about Your Financial FutureSearch for AdvisorsFinancial CalculatorsFinancial MediaFederal Agencies and Programs
Investment PortfoliosModern Portfolio TheoriesInvestment StrategyPractical Portfolio Management InfoDiversificationRatingsActivities AbroadTrading Markets
Investment Terminology and InstrumentsBasicsInvestment TerminologyTrading 1 on 1BondsMutual FundsExchange Traded Funds (ETF)StocksAnnuities
Technical Analysis and TradingAnalysis BasicsTechnical IndicatorsTrading ModelsPatternsTrading OptionsTrading ForexTrading CommoditiesSpeculative Investments
Cryptocurrencies and BlockchainBlockchainBitcoinEthereumLitecoinRippleTaxes and Regulation
RetirementSocial Security BenefitsLong-Term Care InsuranceGeneral Retirement InfoHealth InsuranceMedicare and MedicaidLife InsuranceWills and Trusts
Retirement Accounts401(k) and 403(b) PlansIndividual Retirement Accounts (IRA)SEP and SIMPLE IRAsKeogh PlansMoney Purchase/Profit Sharing PlansSelf-Employed 401(k)s and 457sPension Plan RulesCash-Balance PlansThrift Savings Plans and 529 Plans and ESA
Personal FinancePersonal BankingPersonal DebtHome RelatedTax FormsSmall BusinessIncomeInvestmentsIRS Rules and PublicationsPersonal LifeMortgage
Corporate BasicsBasicsCorporate StructureCorporate FundamentalsCorporate DebtRisksEconomicsCorporate AccountingDividendsEarnings

What is a Corporation?

Understanding Corporations: 

A corporation is a distinct legal entity that is separate from its owners. It is formed by filing articles of incorporation with the relevant government authority, typically the Secretary of State. Unlike sole proprietorships or partnerships, corporations provide limited liability protection to their shareholders, which means that shareholders are not personally responsible for the company's debts and obligations.

Legal Rights and Responsibilities

Corporations have many of the same rights and responsibilities as individuals. They can enter into contracts, borrow and lend money, sue and be sued, own assets, and pay taxes. This legal framework allows corporations to operate independently, regardless of changes in ownership or management. The corporation's existence is not dependent on the lifespan or involvement of any individual owner.

Limited Liability Protection

One of the key features of a corporation is the concept of limited liability. Shareholders of a corporation are generally not personally liable for the company's debts or legal obligations. Their liability is limited to the amount they have invested in the corporation, typically the value of their shares. This separation between the corporation and its shareholders helps protect individual assets in case of financial difficulties or legal disputes.

Types of Corporations

Corporations can take different forms depending on their structure and ownership. C-corporations, often referred to as C-corps, are the most common type of corporation. They are subject to corporate income taxes, and their shareholders are taxed on dividends received. S-corporations, on the other hand, are pass-through entities where income and losses pass through to the shareholders' personal tax returns. They have certain eligibility requirements and are limited to a maximum number of shareholders.

Corporations can be privately held or publicly traded. Privately held corporations have a limited number of shareholders, often including founders, family members, or a small group of investors. Publicly traded corporations, listed on stock exchanges, offer shares to the general public and are subject to extensive regulatory requirements.

Forming a Corporation

To form a corporation, individuals or a group must file articles of incorporation with the appropriate government authority. These articles typically include the corporation's name, purpose, registered office address, initial directors, and authorized shares of stock. In some cases, corporations may also need to establish a board of directors, issue stock certificates to shareholders, and comply with additional legal and regulatory requirements.

Capital Generation and Ownership Structure

Corporations have various options to raise capital for their operations. They can seek investments through private placements, offering equity shares to sophisticated investors who meet certain regulatory criteria. This method allows corporations to raise capital without going public. If a corporation decides to go public, it can conduct an initial public offering (IPO) and offer shares to the general public. This process involves regulatory approval from authorities such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Ownership in a corporation is typically represented by shares of stock. Shareholders have voting rights, enabling them to elect the board of directors and participate in major decision-making processes. Common shares are the most common type of stock, while preferred shares may offer additional benefits such as priority dividend payments or liquidation preferences.

A corporation is a separate legal entity that exists independently of its owners. It provides limited liability protection to shareholders and allows businesses to operate with legal rights and responsibilities similar to individuals. Corporations can be privately held or publicly traded, offering various options for capital generation and ownership structure. Understanding the nature of corporations is essential for entrepreneurs, investors, and individuals looking to establish a formal business entity with distinct legal and financial characteristics.


A corporation is a business entity which has filed articles of incorporation. Unlike a Sole Proprietorship or a Partnership, a corporation is a legal entity that is separate from its owners.

They are often referred to as C-corporations or C-corps, to distinguish them from S-corps, which are named after the subchapter which describes them in the law (though technically speaking, S-corps are corporations, too).

Filing for a legal status as a corporation is more costly and burdensome than other types of businesses. A corporation will have to file Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State, and may have to establish a board of directors and issue stock certificates to the owners.

The owners participate in the profits but are not held responsible for any legal liabilities, aside from criminal wrongdoing. Owners can treat themselves as employees for tax purposes, generally. A company can be privately held or publicly traded.

A private placement offering of equity shares to sophisticated investors can help raise capital for the business, but it must follow the rules of SEC Regulation D. If a company decides to start issuing shares to the public they issue an Initial Public Offering (IPO) after receiving approval from the SEC.

Generally, the company will seek the assistance of an underwriting firm – which are generally large investment banks – to decide what type of stock to offer, the starting price, and the date of initial offering.

The money raised from the IPO is all the capital that the company will receive from their issued shares — the rest of the trading in the open market is to the benefit or detriment of the buyers and sellers only.

The owners of common shares of stock have voting rights when board member elections come up. Corporations are largely defined by this characteristic amalgamation of ownership and the ability of the entity to outlive any one owner or partner.

Tickeron's Offerings

The fundamental premise of technical analysis lies in identifying recurring price patterns and trends, which can then be used to forecast the course of upcoming market trends. Our journey commenced with the development of AI-based Engines, such as the Pattern Search Engine, Real-Time Patterns, and the Trend Prediction Engine, which empower us to conduct a comprehensive analysis of market trends. We have delved into nearly all established methodologies, including price patterns, trend indicators, oscillators, and many more, by leveraging neural networks and deep historical backtests. As a consequence, we've been able to accumulate a suite of trading algorithms that collaboratively allow our AI Robots to effectively pinpoint pivotal moments of shifts in market trends.

Ad is loading...