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What is the Homeowners Protection Act (HPA)?

With an intent to protect borrowers from unfair practices, the Homeowners Protection Act (HPA) has become a significant legislation impacting the private mortgage insurance landscape. This article aims to decode what HPA stands for and how it impacts homeowners who have taken on a mortgage.

The Homeowners Protection Act (HPA) was designed as a protective measure for homeowners against the unscrupulous practices prevalent among some private mortgage insurance companies. These companies were known to withhold information regarding a homeowner's right to cancel their mortgage insurance upon reaching a certain point in their repayment.

Understandably, the introduction of the HPA was an effort to introduce transparency and responsibility in the private mortgage insurance industry, making sure these companies held accountability for their actions.

The Role of Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI)

Homeowners are often required to take on private mortgage insurance (PMI) to safeguard the lending institution, particularly when the borrower's initial down payment is less than 20% of the home's value. This insurance policy acts as a security net for the lender in the event of borrower default. However, PMI can become a costly affair for homeowners over time, often amounting to as much as 1% of the principal amount of the mortgage loan per year.

The 80% Equity Threshold

By law, lenders cannot require borrowers to maintain their PMI coverage once 80% of the original mortgage value has been paid off. This 80% mark, also known as the equity threshold, signifies that the borrower has a sufficient financial stake in the property to incentivize repayment of the loan.

Despite this rule, many PMI companies were found to continue charging premiums even after homeowners had reached the requisite 80% equity. Some companies even tried to mislead homeowners into believing they were delinquent if they stopped making PMI payments upon crossing this equity threshold.

The Enforcement of HPA

To ensure strict adherence to this 80% rule, the Homeowners Protection Act (HPA) mandates that insurance companies automatically cancel the PMI policy after the homeowner has paid off 78% of the principal amount. This provision has two critical implications: it reinforces the 80% rule and also introduces a safety margin to ensure that homeowners are not overcharged.

The enforcement of the HPA has fundamentally changed the PMI landscape, ensuring that mortgage insurance companies cannot exploit homeowners who have built substantial equity in their homes.

Solving the PMI Problem

The Homeowners Protection Act solved the problem of excessive PMI charges by ensuring mortgage insurance companies would be held accountable and that homeowners would be adequately informed. This law has thus increased transparency and reduced the financial burden on homeowners.

The HPA serves as a vital consumer protection tool, providing much-needed clarity and fairness to the homeownership process. By addressing the challenges associated with PMI, the HPA has brought a sense of relief to many homeowners and continues to foster a more transparent and responsible lending environment.


The HPA was enacted to protect consumers from the unscrupulous practices of some private mortgage insurance companies, which were not informing consumers of the consumer’s right to cancel their mortgage insurance at least by the time the individual had paid off 80% of their home.

Consumers may be required to pay for private mortgage insurance to protect the lending institution if the borrower makes an initial payment of less than 20% of the value of the home. By law, lenders cannot require borrowers to have PMI after 80% of the original value of the mortgage has been paid off.

To enforce this law, the Homeowners Protection Act (HPA) was passed to also require that the insurance companies that wrote PMI policies would automatically cancel the policy after the consumer had paid off 78% of the principal amount. PMI can be expensive over time, often costing consumers as much as 1% of the principal amount of the mortgage loan per year.

In the past, many PMI companies would continue to draw premiums after the consumer had reached the requisite 80% equity, and some companies would attempt to convince consumers that they were delinquent on their obligation if they had stopped paying.

The Homeowners Protection Act solved that problem by making sure PMI companies would be held accountable and that consumers would be informed.

Disclaimers and Limitations

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