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What is an Equity REIT?

When it comes to investing in real estate, one option that stands out is the equity real estate investment trust (REIT). In this article, we will delve into the world of equity REITs and explore their potential as a lucrative investment opportunity.

Understanding Equity REITs

Equity REITs are a type of real estate investment trust that primarily focuses on owning and operating income-producing properties. These properties can include various types such as residential, commercial, industrial, or retail real estate. Equity REITs function similar to a mutual fund, pooling the capital of numerous investors to invest in a diversified portfolio of properties.

The revenue generated by equity REITs mainly comes from rental income collected from their real estate holdings. These REITs acquire, manage, build, renovate, and sell properties to generate income and provide returns to their investors.

Benefits of Investing in Equity REITs

Investing in equity REITs offers several benefits for investors:

Stable Income Generation: Equity REITs provide a stable income stream through the collection of rental income. As tenants pay rent, the REITs distribute a significant portion of this income to their shareholders in the form of dividends.

Diversification: By investing in equity REITs, investors gain exposure to a diversified portfolio of income-producing properties. This allows them to mitigate risk and potentially enhance returns by spreading investments across different types of real estate.

Forecastable Revenue: Rental income from properties owned by equity REITs is relatively easy to forecast. This predictability enables investors to make informed investment decisions and plan for consistent income streams.

Liquidity and Accessibility: Equity REITs are publicly traded on major market exchanges, making them highly liquid. Investors can easily buy and sell shares of equity REITs, providing flexibility and accessibility to invest in real estate.

Dividend Payments: REITs are required by law to distribute at least 90% of their taxable income to shareholders in the form of dividends. This can result in higher dividend yields compared to traditional stocks.

Considerations for Investing in Equity REITs

Before investing in equity REITs, it's important to consider a few key factors:

Risk Assessment: Like any investment, equity REITs come with their own set of risks. Factors such as economic conditions, vacancy rates, and property management can impact the performance of the REIT. Conduct thorough research and assess the risk factors associated with the specific equity REITs you are considering.

Investment Objectives: Clarify your investment objectives and align them with the characteristics of equity REITs. If you are seeking a combination of growth and income, equity REITs may be a suitable option. However, if your focus is primarily on maximum income with less emphasis on capital appreciation, other types of REITs, such as mortgage REITs, may be more suitable.

Diversification: While equity REITs provide diversification within the real estate sector, it's important to consider diversification across different asset classes. Ensure that your investment portfolio is well-balanced and aligned with your risk tolerance and long-term financial goals.

Equity real estate investment trusts (REITs) present a compelling opportunity for investors to participate in the real estate market. These REITs provide a means to invest in a diversified portfolio of income-producing properties, offering stable income streams and potential capital appreciation. With the liquidity and accessibility of publicly traded equity REITs, investors can easily include real estate in their investment portfolios. However, it's crucial to conduct thorough research, assess risks, and align investment objectives before investing in equity REITs. By doing so, investors can harness the benefits of equity REITs and potentially achieve long-term financial growth.


Equity REITs are the more traditional version of Real Estate Investment Trusts, which invest solely in income-producing properties and operate similar to a mutual fund.

When investing in Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) investors have a choice between equity REITs, mortgage REITs, and hybrid REITs. Equity REITs invest in income-producing properties, and have a hand in building and renovating such properties.

Mortgage REITs get income from the repayment of mortgage loans, and they can acquire interest in mortgages on the market or finance the mortgages from the beginning.

Hybrid REITs are a blend of equity and mortgage REITs. Equity REITs are the most popular of these options, partially because mortgage REITs tend to be riskier.

REITs are mostly sought after for their high dividend yield, which results from regulations which stipulate that REITs must distribute 90% of their revenue to shareholders each year, and investors can choose to reinvest their distributions back into the REIT.

REITs are generally publicly traded and offer investors an opportunity to invest across real estate types with relatively low initial investments.

What is a Hybrid REIT?
What is Mortgage REIT?