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What is Chapter 12?

Chapter 12 is a category of bankruptcy filing that can be made by a family farmer.

It is otherwise similar in structure to Chapter 13 bankruptcy, where the debtor can prove an income and a trustee serves as intermediary between the debtor and the creditors. A family farmer will still be permitted to operate the farm once he has filed Chapter 12 bankruptcy.

Like a Chapter 13 filing, the debtor will be allowed to propose a debt repayment schedule that he or she believes would be successful over the following 3-5 years. Some assets would be liquidated to pay off debts, but most of it would be paid according to the repayment schedule, under the care of a trustee who would serve as the proxy for the debtor in the remainder of the dealings with the creditors.

The creditors would be forbidden from making any additional claims or bringing any suit against the debtor once the settlement has been arranged.

Keywords: debt, proxies, liquidation value, repayment plan, Chapter 13, creditor protection, farmers only, trustee account, bankruptcy filings, Chapter 12,