#### What is absolute frequency?

Absolute frequency in statistics refers to how frequently a particular value appears in a set of data. This metric is crucial for statistical analysis since it allows one to comprehend how data are distributed. In conjunction with other metrics like relative frequency and cumulative frequency, absolute frequency is frequently utilized.

For example, consider a data set that consists of the scores of 10 students on a math exam: 70, 80, 90, 90, 95, 95, 95, 100, 100, 100. The absolute frequency of the score 95 is 3, as it appears three times in the data set. Similarly, the absolute frequency of the score 100 is also 3. The absolute frequency of the other scores can also be calculated in a similar way.

The absolute frequency can be used to determine the mode of a data set. The mode is the value that appears most frequently in a data set. In the example above, the mode of the data set is 95 because it appears three times, which is more than any other score.

The relative frequency is another metric that can be calculated from the absolute frequency. The relative frequency is the ratio of the absolute frequency of a value to the total number of observations in the data set. In the example above, the total number of observations is 10, so the relative frequency of the score 95 is 3/10, or 0.3. This means that 30% of the observations in the data set are the score 95. The relative frequency of the score 100 is also 0.3.

Cumulative frequency is another metric that can be calculated from the absolute frequency. Cumulative frequency is the sum of the absolute frequencies up to a certain value. For example, consider the same data set as before. The cumulative frequency of the score 90 is 5, as there are five scores (70, 80, 90, 90, 95) that are less than or equal to 90. Similarly, the cumulative frequency of the score 95 is 8, as there are eight scores (70, 80, 90, 90, 95, 95, 95) that are less than or equal to 95.

Absolute frequency is a fundamental concept in statistics, as it is used to describe the distribution of data. The distribution of data refers to how the data is spread out over a range of values. A common way to visualize the distribution of data is by using a histogram. A histogram is a graph that shows the frequency of values within a range of values. The range of values is divided into bins, and the frequency of values within each bin is shown as a bar. The height of the bar represents the absolute frequency of values within the bin.

In essence, the absolute frequency measures how frequently a certain value appears in a data set. In addition to being used to calculate other metrics like relative frequency and cumulative frequency, it is utilized to ascertain the mode of the data set. In order to perform statistical analysis and data visualization, it's crucial to comprehend these ideas. These statistical words and procedures should be familiar to any educated investor as they are essential for making sensible investing decisions.

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