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What does hypothesis testing mean?

A theory about what will happen and why is a hypothesis, and to prove the hypothesis has some relevancy it will have to be compared to the probability of getting those results by pure chance. A hypothesis is a testable prediction of results that should be observed due to the effects of an independent variable. Such predictions must be tested against the probability of the resulting observations happening due to complete chance instead of the influence of the independent variable. Continue reading...

What is Acquisition Accounting?

Also known as Business Combination Accounting, there are specific guidelines and bits of information that must be documented on the books during an acquisition. Acquisition Accounting is a standardized way to account for the assets and liabilities of companies who are part of a merger or acquisition. International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) stipulate that even in a merger where a new company is formed, one company must play the role of acquirer and the other of acquiree, but that rule really only applies outside of the US. Continue reading...

What is Cash Accounting?

Cash Accounting is the accounting method where only finalized transactions are documented. Larger, publicly traded companies are actually not allowed to use Cash Accounting because it can’t keep up with all the Payable, Receivables, and so forth that large companies have to keep on their books. Instead, larger companies are required by the SEC to use Accrual Accounting, which makes ledger entries for cash that has not yet be paid or received, among other things. Continue reading...

What is Accrual Accounting?

Accrual accounting is the counterpart to cash accounting, and the accrual method puts expenses and revenues on the books as soon as they are contractually agreed-upon. Accrual accounting is required by GAAP conventions for all publicly traded companies who have over $5 million in annual revenues. This method is the counterpart to cash accounting, which may be more useful to smaller businesses. In accrual accounting, the expenses and revenues which are agreed upon are written onto the business’s ledger at the current time, regardless of when payment will actually settle on the transaction. When a sale is made or service is performed, the revenue from the activity is documented, even if no cash is received in the current period. Continue reading...

What is Abnormal Earnings Valuation?

The abnormal earnings valuation method is one in which the future cash flows of a business are given significant weight in a valuation, especially when there are not many hard assets to use for valuation purposes. If a company is rich in human capital or has significant cash flows, whether or not it has many hard asset or book value, the Abnormal Earnings Valuation Model can be the most useful method for arriving at an accurate valuation of a business and its stock. Continue reading...

What are Consolidated Financial Statements?

Consolidated financial statements are required when one company owns a controlling interest in another company. They must adhere to the same accounting principals as a the financial statements for a single company. Some detail tends to be lost if the parent company and subsidiaries have very different operations. If a company owns more than 50% of another company, their financial statements will be consolidated into one, according to GAAP. Up to that point, the interest in another company can be accounted for using cost-method or equity-method accounting. Continue reading...

What are Accounting Policies?

Accounting policies are the internal controls of a company which stipulate the methods by which the books will be kept. Accounting policies are the agreed-upon accounting methods, conventions, and practices of an accounting cycle. A business must establish guidelines and training to ensure that accounts are kept in ways that satisfy their needs for documentation, security, liquidity, management, and the observation of applicable laws. Continue reading...

What is EBITDA?

EBITDA stands for Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization, and is used as a ballpark figure for where the company’s earnings are without these expenses. It gives a picture of the total operating revenue of a company with the expenses that are related to financing decision and the tax environment left out. Accountants can calculate EBITDA by taking net income (earnings, or operational earnings) and adding interest payments, tax obligation, depreciation of hard assets, and amortization of intangibles back into it. Continue reading...

Is there any merit to technical analysis of the markets?

Securities in the market can be analyzed on technical levels or fundamental ones, and it is generally best to take both into account, despite the fact that some theories dispute the merits of technical analysis. Some might say that fundamental analysis is all that you need to make wise investment decisions, and to some extent that is actually correct: at a minimal level, if all you had were fundamentals, you could make wise investment decisions. That does not mean, however, that all technical analysis is superfluous. Continue reading...

What are Accounting Methods?

Accounting Methods are the overarching style of accounting and bookkeeping which determine the practices, procedures, systems, and controls which should be put in place. There are two main methods of accounting that businesses and individuals can use to approach their accounting, and these are known as cash basis and accrual basis. The IRS expects businesses to choose early one which method they will use, and it can be difficult to change accounting styles later on. Continue reading...

The Best Stocks in Microsurgery

The realm of microsurgery is rapidly advancing, and with it, a select group of companies are emerging as key players. Among these, Medtronic plc (MDT) and Boston Scientific Corp (BSX) stand out as market leaders. In this article, we delve into the financial metrics and market positions of these companies, providing investors with a comprehensive understanding of their potential. Continue reading...

What is standard deviation?

Standard Deviation is a measurement of how far from the average (mean) the majority of a data set lies. Standard Deviation is a measure of variability, and it is on a different scale for each data set being measured; there is no “standard” standard deviation. It is possible to normalize it for comparison to other data sets using measurements like r-squared and the sharpe ratio. The number arrived at when computing standard deviation is going to reveal the distance, in terms of one of the quantifiable variables being observed, from the average, in either a positive or negative direction, within which 68% of the data set falls. Continue reading...

What are the main Accounting Methods?

There are two main kinds of accounting methods: accrual accounting and cash accounting. Depending on who is speaking, accounting “methods” may also extend to the GAAP vs pro-forma distinction. For the most part, accounting methods can be defined based on the year in which the revenues and expenses are put on the books. In cash accounting, only the revenues and expenses which are collected and paid in the current year or period are documented. Continue reading...

Is successful asset allocation an art or a science?

Successful asset allocation will cater to the risk tolerance and goals of a client based on past performances while seeking gains in an uncertain future; this calls for a mixture of art and science. We believe that successful asset allocation is based on rigorous statistics, but as with any other statistics, it’s 20/20 retrospective vision. Proper diversification can help to make the future performance slightly more predictable, but as market conditions unfold, the appropriate rebalancing or reallocation may not always be obvious, especially to a computer. Continue reading...

Best Stocks in the Surgery Sector

In the dynamic world of stock investing, one sector that often stands resilient against the tides of economic fluctuations is healthcare. Within this realm, a particularly intriguing theme is that of surgery, encompassing both medical device manufacturers and companies operating surgical facilities. This article delves into the top stocks within this theme, highlighting their market potential, stability, and innovative edge. Our focus zeroes in on notable giants like Johnson & Johnson (JNJ), Intuitive Surgical (ISRG), Medtronic plc (MDT), and Boston Scientific Corp (BSX), among others. Continue reading...

Top Stocks in the Cardiovascular Sector

In the realm of healthcare, few areas are as critical as cardiovascular health. This sector, encompassing a wide range of companies from device manufacturers to pharmaceutical giants, plays a pivotal role in global health. The significance of cardiovascular health is mirrored in the financial world, where companies specializing in heart-related products and services represent some of the most stable and promising investment opportunities. In this article, we delve into the top stocks in the cardiovascular sector, highlighting their market presence, innovations, and financial robustness. Continue reading...

Investing in Senior Care: Top Healthcare Stocks

In an era where the global population is aging rapidly, the healthcare sector, particularly companies focused on caring for seniors, has garnered significant attention from investors. This sector encompasses a broad range of companies, from healthcare insurance providers to facility operators and medical equipment manufacturers. This article delves into notable companies within this theme, highlighting their market presence, financial health, and potential for future growth. Key players in this segment include Johnson & Johnson (JNJ), Boston Scientific Corp (BSX), and Humana (HUM), among others. Continue reading...

The Best Seniors Care Stocks

When it comes to investing in the stock market, it's essential to consider a variety of factors before making your decision. One of the key themes that have been gaining traction in recent years is seniors care. This theme encompasses a range of companies that cater to the needs of senior citizens, whether it's through healthcare insurance, healthcare facilities, or related services. In this article, we'll take a closer look at some of the top stocks in the seniors care sector that investors should keep an eye on. Continue reading...

What Is Finance?

Finance, a term often tossed around in discussions about money and investments, is more than just a buzzword; it's a crucial aspect of our daily lives. In this article, we'll delve into what finance truly means, explore its history, and understand its various types and their importance. At its core, finance revolves around the study, management, and utilization of money, investments, and financial instruments. It encompasses a wide spectrum of activities, including handling credit and debt, managing securities, and making investments based on future income streams. Continue reading...

What is the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) method?

Unlock the power of streamlined business operations with ERP! Dive into how it integrates departments, enhances decision-making, and drives growth. Plus, discover the financial ripple effect on DCF & WACC. Essential read for modern businesses! 🚀📊 #ERP #BusinessEfficiency Continue reading...